Manucher Ghorbanifar
Sat Aug 9 18:24:28 2003

Adnan Khashoggi and Manucher Ghorbanifar, 12/12/86 (photo)
From The Octopus: Secret Government and the Death of Danny
Casolaro (see page)


Germany 1984 France 1985 Iran 1985


posted December 2, 2002--

"Ledeen had proposed illegal arms sales to Iran in 1984 through Mossad double agent Manucher Ghorbanifar. The CIA's Deputy Director for Operations, Clair George, considered Ghorbanifar totally unreliable, and as having only his personal financial interests, and Israel's security, at heart. But George's objections were neutralized in June 1985, when Bush formed the Terrorism Task Force, at which point the illegal arms sales went forward. (...)

Ledeen also was responsible, while employed at the National Security Council in 1984, for convincing North and Secord to employ Mossad double agent and world-class swindler Manucher Ghorbanifar as the middleman between the Iranians, the Israelis, and the Americans. As the record shows, it was Ghorbanifar's duplicity and avarice that led the entire misadventure to its ignoble conclusion.

The homeland thanks you, Michael Ledeen. You're exactly the sort of corrupt public official we need advising the Bush regime on how to wage its counter-terror campaign against the Moslem world."



The Iran-Contra Affair

According to the Report of the Congressional Committees Investigating the Iran-Contra Affair issued in November 1987, the sale of U.S. arms to Iran through Israel began in the summer of 1985, after receiving the approval of President Reagan. The report shows that Israel's involvement was stimulated by separate overtures in 1985 from Iranian arms merchant Manucher Ghorbanifar and National Security Council (NSC) consultant Michael Ledeen, the latter working for National Security Adviser Robert McFarlane. When Ledeen asked Prime Minister Shimon Peres for assistance, the Israeli leader agreed to sell weapons to Iran at America's behest, providing the sale had high-level U.S. approval.

Before the Israelis would participate, says the report, they demanded "a clear, express and binding consent by the U.S. Government." McFarlane told the Congressional committee he first received President Reagan's approval in July 1985. In August, Reagan again orally authorized the first sale of weapons to Iran, over the objections of Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger and Secretary of State George Shultz. Because of that deal, Rev. Benjamin Weir, held captive in Lebanon for 16 months, was released.

When a shipment of HAWK missiles was proposed in November of that year, Israeli Defense Minister Yitzhak Rabin again demanded specific U.S. approval. According to McFarlane, the President agreed.

By December 1985, the President had decided future sales to the Iranians would come directly from U.S. supplies.

According to the committees' report, NSC aide Lt. Col. Oliver North first used money from the Iran operation to fund the Nicaraguan resistance in November 1985. He later testified, however, that the diversion of funds to the Contras was proposed to him by Ghorbanifar during a meeting in January 1986.

Saudi billionaire oil and arms trader Adnan Khashoggi said in an interview on ABC­TV on December 11, 1986, that he advanced $1 million to help finance the first arms shipment in the Iran-Contra arms scandal and put up $4 million for the second shipment. According to the President's special review board chaired by former Sen. John Tower, a foreign official (reportedly Saudi King Fahd) donated $1 million to $2 million monthly from July 1984 to April 1985 for covert financing for the Contras. Saudi Arabia denied aiding the Nicaraguan rebels, but the New York Times reported the contribution may have been part of a 1981 secret agreement between Riyadh and Washington "to aid anti­communist resistance groups around the sophisticated American AWACS radar planes, according to United States officials and others familiar with the deal."

The Joint House-Senate Committee praised the Israeli government for providing detailed chronologies of events based on relevant documents and interviews with key participants in the operation. Its report also corroborated the conclusion of the Tower Commission: "U.S. decision makers made their own decisions and must bear responsibility for the consequences."

copyright 2003 The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise


The real Iranian hostage story from the files of Fara Mansoor
By Harry V. Martin
Copyright FreeAmerica and Harry V. Martin, 1995

[[not about Ghorbanifar per se]]

"With thousands of documents to support his position, Mansoor says that the 'hostage crisis' was a political 'management tool' created by the pro-Bush faction of the CIA, and implemented through an a priori Alliance with Khomeini's Islamic Fundamentalists."

"'The private Alliance was the logical result of the intricate Iranian political reality of the mid-70s, and a complex network of powerful U.S.-Iranian 'business' relationships,' Mansoor states."


Manucher Ghorbanifar

US Army Officers Say: 'Mossad May Blame Arabs'
... Ultimately it was discovered that the source of the story was Manucher Ghorbanifar, a former Iranian SAVAK (secret police) agent with close ties to the Mossad. ...

... NSC's Michael Ledeen in May 1985, Kimche began to promote Manucher Ghorbanifar's
credentials to ... One arms network was run by a former Mossad agent maned Mike ...
homepages.cs.ncl.ac.uk/chris.holt/home.informal/ bar/corsair.afdq/contra.cards/27.html

Douglas Valentine: Homeland Insecurity
... The lynchpin between the Israelis and the Americans, Ledeen had proposed illegal arms sales to Iran in 1984 through Mossad double agent Manucher Ghorbanifar. ...

"Iskandar Safa and the French Hostage Scandal" (February 2002)
... all the communities (in the Middle East), Israel and the Mossad included." He ... mentioned
in the DST memorandum may have been Manucher Ghorbanifar, an Iranian ...

... information from Iranians General Manucher Hashemi and Manucher Ghorbanifar, who had ... Ledeen was responsible for obtaining Israeli Mossad spy Jonathan Pollard ...

... Iranian Parliament, Mohammed Ali Rajai, the future President of Iran and Manucher Ghorbanifar, an Iranian arms dealer with connections to Mossad, according to ...

Reprise of the October Surprise: Is the Worst Surprise Still to ...
... Among Iranians named as participants in the Paris meetings by Americans claiming
to be witnesses were Manucher Ghorbanifar, the Iran-born Mossad agent and arms ...

... Hamburg, West Germany, and are introduced to Manucher Ghorbanifar, Dr. Shahabadi ... Ghorbanifar writes report for Israeli intelligence agency, Mossad, on Iranian ...

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