Richard Sale
Exclusive: Saddam key in early CIA plot
Tue Apr 15 03:47:02 2003
208.152.73.146

Exclusive: Saddam key in early CIA plot
http://www.upi.com/view.cfm?StoryID=20030410-070214-6557r
 

By Richard Sale
UPI Intelligence Correspondent

U.S. forces in Baghdad might now be searching high and low for Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, but in the past Saddam was seen by U.S. intelligence services as a bulwark of anti-communism and they used him as their instrument for more than 40 years, according to former U.S. intelligence diplomats and intelligence officials.

United Press International has interviewed almost a dozen former U.S. diplomats, British scholars and former U.S. intelligence officials to piece together the following account. The CIA declined to comment on the report.

While many have thought that Saddam first became involved with U.S. intelligence agencies at the start of the September 1980 Iran-Iraq war, his first contacts with U.S. officials date back to 1959, when he was part of a CIA-authorized six-man squad tasked with assassinating then Iraqi Prime Minister Gen. Abd al-Karim Qasim.

In July 1958, Qasim had overthrown the Iraqi monarchy in what one former U.S. diplomat, who asked not to be identified, described as "a horrible orgy of bloodshed."

According to current and former U.S. officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity, Iraq was then regarded as a key buffer and strategic asset in the Cold War with the Soviet Union. For example, in the mid-1950s, Iraq was quick to join the anti-Soviet Baghdad Pact which was to defend the region and whose members included Turkey, Britain, Iran and Pakistan.

Little attention was paid to Qasim's bloody and conspiratorial regime until his sudden decision to withdraw from the pact in 1959, an act that "freaked everybody out" according to a former senior U.S. State Department official.

Washington watched in marked dismay as Qasim began to buy arms from the Soviet Union and put his own domestic communists into ministry positions of "real power," according to this official. The domestic instability of the country prompted CIA Director Allan Dulles to say publicly that Iraq was "the most dangerous spot in the world."

In the mid-1980s, Miles Copeland, a veteran CIA operative, told UPI the CIA had enjoyed "close ties" with Qasim's ruling Baath Party, just as it had close connections with the intelligence service of Egyptian leader Gamel Abd Nassar. In a recent public statement, Roger Morris, a former National Security Council staffer in the 1970s, confirmed this claim, saying that the CIA had chosen the authoritarian and anti-communist Baath Party "as its instrument."

According to another former senior State Department official, Saddam, while only in his early 20s, became a part of a U.S. plot to get rid of Qasim. According to this source, Saddam was installed in an apartment in Baghdad on al-Rashid Street directly opposite Qasim's office in Iraq's Ministry of Defense, to observe Qasim's movements.

Adel Darwish, Middle East expert and author of "Unholy Babylon," said the move was done "with full knowledge of the CIA," and that Saddam's CIA handler was an Iraqi dentist working for CIA and Egyptian intelligence. U.S. officials separately confirmed Darwish's account.

Darwish said that Saddam's paymaster was Capt. Abdel Maquid Farid, the assistant military attaché at the Egyptian Embassy who paid for the apartment from his own personal account. Three former senior U.S. officials have confirmed that this is accurate.

The assassination was set for Oct. 7, 1959, but it was completely botched. Accounts differ. One former CIA official said that the 22-year-old Saddam lost his nerve and began firing too soon, killing Qasim's driver and only wounding Qasim in the shoulder and arm. Darwish told UPI that one of the assassins had bullets that did not fit his gun and that another had a hand grenade that got stuck in the lining of his coat.

"It bordered on farce," a former senior U.S. intelligence official said. But Qasim, hiding on the floor of his car, escaped death, and Saddam, whose calf had been grazed by a fellow would-be assassin, escaped to Tikrit, thanks to CIA and Egyptian intelligence agents, several U.S. government officials said.

Saddam then crossed into Syria and was transferred by Egyptian intelligence agents to Beirut, according to Darwish and former senior CIA officials. While Saddam was in Beirut, the CIA paid for Saddam's apartment and put him through a brief training course, former CIA officials said. The agency then helped him get to Cairo, they said.

One former U.S. government official, who knew Saddam at the time, said that even then Saddam "was known as having no class. He was a thug -- a cutthroat."

In Cairo, Saddam was installed in an apartment in the upper class neighborhood of Dukki and spent his time playing dominos in the Indiana Café, watched over by CIA and Egyptian intelligence operatives, according to Darwish and former U.S. intelligence officials.

One former senior U.S. government official said: "In Cairo, I often went to Groppie Café at Emad Eldine Pasha Street, which was very posh, very upper class. Saddam would not have fit in there. The Indiana was your basic dive."

But during this time Saddam was making frequent visits to the American Embassy where CIA specialists such as Miles Copeland and CIA station chief Jim Eichelberger were in residence and knew Saddam, former U.S. intelligence officials said.

Saddam's U.S. handlers even pushed Saddam to get his Egyptian handlers to raise his monthly allowance, a gesture not appreciated by Egyptian officials since they knew of Saddam's American connection, according to Darwish. His assertion was confirmed by former U.S. diplomat in Egypt at the time.

In February 1963 Qasim was killed in a Baath Party coup. Morris claimed recently that the CIA was behind the coup, which was sanctioned by President John F. Kennedy, but a former very senior CIA official strongly denied this.

"We were absolutely stunned. We had guys running around asking what the hell had happened," this official said.

But the agency quickly moved into action. Noting that the Baath Party was hunting down Iraq's communist, the CIA provided the submachine gun-toting Iraqi National Guardsmen with lists of suspected communists who were then jailed, interrogated, and summarily gunned down, according to former U.S. intelligence officials with intimate knowledge of the executions.

Many suspected communists were killed outright, these sources said. Darwish told UPI that the mass killings, presided over by Saddam, took place at Qasr al-Nehayat, literally, the Palace of the End.

A former senior U.S. State Department official told UPI: "We were frankly glad to be rid of them. You ask that they get a fair trial? You have to get kidding. This was serious business."

A former senior CIA official said: "It was a bit like the mysterious killings of Iran's communists just after Ayatollah Khomeini came to power in 1979. All 4,000 of his communists suddenly got killed."

British scholar Con Coughlin, author of "Saddam: King of Terror," quotes Jim Critchfield, then a senior Middle East agency official, as saying the killing of Qasim and the communists was regarded "as a great victory." A former long-time covert U.S. intelligence operative and friend of Critchfield said: "Jim was an old Middle East hand. He wasn't sorry to see the communists go at all. Hey, we were playing for keeps."

Saddam, in the meantime, became head of al-Jihaz a-Khas, the secret intelligence apparatus of the Baath Party.

The CIA/Defense Intelligence Agency relation with Saddam intensified after the start of the Iran-Iraq war in September of 1980. During the war, the CIA regularly sent a team to Saddam to deliver battlefield intelligence obtained from Saudi AWACS surveillance aircraft to aid the effectiveness of Iraq's armed forces, according to a former DIA official, part of a U.S. interagency intelligence group.

This former official said that he personally had signed off on a document that shared U.S. satellite intelligence with both Iraq and Iran in an attempt to produce a military stalemate. "When I signed it, I thought I was losing my mind," the former official told UPI.

A former CIA official said that Saddam had assigned a top team of three senior officers from the Estikhbarat, Iraq's military intelligence, to meet with the Americans.

According to Darwish, the CIA and DIA provided military assistance to Saddam's ferocious February 1988 assault on Iranian positions in the al-Fao peninsula by blinding Iranian radars for three days.

The Saddam-U.S. intelligence alliance of convenience came to an end at 2 a.m. Aug. 2, 1990, when 100,000 Iraqi troops, backed by 300 tanks, invaded its neighbor, Kuwait. America's one-time ally had become its bitterest enemy.
Copyright 2001-2003 United Press International
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You bet the data below, but in much greater and even more sordid, detail, is one of the major reasons for the desperate search for the "secret Saddam files"? "He was a thug -- a cutthroat." But he was CIA's convenient thug and cutthroat. Sort of like Turkey's Kurdish population (as a favor to ally Turkey) have been declared terrorists, even after Turkey slaughtered over 30,000 of their number, while their kin in neighboring Iraq are "long suffereing freedom fighters." Considering the tumultuous 40 years of CIA asset S. Hussein, to ask the Iraqi people to trust their "liberators" is a task in absurdity, surpassed only by the naive belief that "democracy" can be installed in weeks or months, when it took thousands of years to install in the West, which is presently trampling over all its much hailed virtues.

AC - angie1@planetsos.com
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WHY IS AMERICA IN DISTRESS?
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Iraq_war.htm
 
WILL SOMEBODY EXPLAIN?


Dear Rep. Paul and Rep. Tancredo,

Knowing Congressmen have jurisdiction to intervene for any citizen in jail or prison located anywhere in the US, I am asking you to intercede for: Casey Nethercott who was in the local county jail. After being shackled, a hood placed over his head which is mind control - psychological abuse due to sensory depravation and subsequently moved. He was transferred in this barbaric manner, and is now incarcerated at Starr County Jail, 100 E. 6th Street, Rio Grande Texas 78582 - ph # 956-487-4552. He is a decorated veteran. In addition, he has pancreatitis and will hemorrhage internally without insulin, that the authorities have refused to give him which is physical abuse, and will result in death due to complications. Since his incarceration, he has made 3 emergency trips to the hospital in critical condition, the last time being this weekend. Members of Ranch Rescue, a private property organization feel the authorities are deliberately trying to kill Mr. Nethercott before he even goes to trial.

Sure, his family could sue the city, county, and state or anyone who touched him, but why not use an ounce of prevention rather than a pound of cure, as a result of a needless death of an innocent man?

He was arrested on trumped up charges, and not guilty of any of these charges, but being treated worse than any terrorist, in solitary without visitors, and incommunicado, a violation of his civil rights, constituting cruel and unusual punishment even if they have managed to misconstrue it as a misdemeanor? His only crime is protecting the private property at the landowner's request (legal in TX) after they were terrorized for 4 years. Law enforcement in "Jim Hogg County" paid by taxpayers who are obfuscating justice, are derelict of duty, as well as malfeasant by refusing to protect the citizens. Members of Ranch Rescue have caught drug smugglers, and aliens and took them to the Border Patrol, again a job Sheriff Erasmo Alarcon, and his deputies refuse to do.

The bottom line, George Bush is refusing to keep his oath of office to "support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic..." Our Constitution provides for secure borders, and Mr. Bush should be impeached, as well as the officials in "Jim Hogg County" or be removed from office for violating the same oath of office.

America has always welcomed "legal" immigrants, and this should always remain our policy. But as you know thousand of illegal aliens are crossing the borders daily, many of whom are OTM, possibly having weapons of mass destruction -- some from the Al-Qaeda have already been picked up. With open borders, it raises the question -- how many haven't been caught, living among us with immunity and impunity, after rewarded with amnesty and ID? It certainly doesn't sound like Homeland Security to me. The residents in the area are terrified. They have been attacked, robbed, abducted, their cattle slaughtered, and their property damaged. Yet the border remains wide open, and these officials object to even having the border patrol notified who may or may not respond; leaving citizens to protect their own lives. Instead, Mr. Bush and his law enforcement protecting the citizens, they are fomenting a bloody civil war and annexation of the SW border states, knowing Mr. Tancredo's is well aware of the volatile situation that exist because of his uphill battle against illegal immigration, and equally by Mr. Paul a resident and Congressman from TX. Some of the locals in NM have also seen Chinese military dressed in Mexican uniforms with weapons, who have crossed 15 miles over into the US border presenting an even greater danger and security risk for those area residents -- our military is aware, but using plausible deniability.

We don't have to go all the way to Iraq to find oppressed people -- they are right here in the US, and their civil rights are being denied, as well as their pursuit of happiness. Before we try and force democracy on others, don't you think we should be practicing it at home, first?

If you, any of the Human Rights organizations, or legal entities wish to help Mr. Nethercott who is in dire and immediate need, please contact Jack Foote of Ranch Rescue http://www.ranchrescue.com / at the Abilene, Texas office by email volunteer-tx@ranchrescue.com or by US mail at address and important details below. I also have Mr. Foote's phone number for any sincerely interested party wishing to call him.

Bcc: friends


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