ResearcherDemocracy vs OUR RepublicWed Oct 25, 2006 01:20
The Difference Between A Republic and A Democracy
By Michael Ruiz
Constitution for the United States of America , Article IV Section, 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government.
The United States was founded upon the principles of a Constitutional Republic . As the Constitution states we are guaranteed a Republican form of government. The nation is NOT a democracy republic and we should demand that our leaders, and ourselves, stop referring to the United States as such. The United States should be spreading "Constitutional Republicanism" throughout the world not democracy.
What is the difference between a democracy and a republic?
"Republic, A commonwealth; that form of government in which the administration of affairs is open to all the Citizens. In another sense, it signifies the state, independent of its government." -Black's Law Dictionary 3rd Ed. p 1536.
Republic, Authority is derived through the election, by the people, of public officials best fitted to represent them. Attitude toward property is respect for laws and individual rights, and a sensible economic procedure. Attitude toward law is the administration of justice in accord with fixed principles and established evidence, with a strict regard to consequences. A greater number of Citizens and extent of territory may be brought within its compass. Avoids the dangers of either tyranny or mobocracy. Results in statesmanship, liberty, reason, justice, contentment and progress. -U.S. Army training manual, 1928
"Democracy, a government of the masses. Authority derived through mass meetings or any form of direct _expression, which results in mobocracy. Attitude towards property is ""communistic"", negating property rights. Attitude towards the law is that the majority shall regulate, whether it be based upon deliberation or governed by passion, prejudice, and impulse, without restraint or regard to consequences. Results in demagoguism, license, agitation, discontent, and anarchy."
-U.S. Army training manual 1928
What does that mean? Most people have been taught that the state is the government. But here Black's Law Dictionary says the state is independent from the government. In another place we find the word republic defined:
Republic - "A state or nation in which the supreme power rests in all the Citizens... A state or nation with a president as its titular head; distinguished from monarchy."
In this definition we see again that the supreme power is in the hands of the Citizen-who is entitled to vote. The representatives are in charge of administrating the affairs of government. In the third definition it states that the singular executive is titular. Titular is defined as, "existing in the title or name only."
It should be obvious to the reader that the results democracy has had on our Republic for the last 80 years has seriously imperiled the survival of the nation.
Before we go farther it should be understood that in a republic a Freeman was free from civil authority.(And we all know what happened to the Montana Freemen!!) The word Republic was used in the Constitution because the Founders and separatists of the time knew its origins. It is a shortened form of the Latin idiom "Libera res Publica" meaning "free from things public." The heads of the government were "titular" in authority, meaning they held authority "in name only." In an indirect democracy the mob (majority) elects those that govern the whole, while in a republic elected representatives wield limited authority and they may not make laws except by the will of the people.
Samuel Adams stated, on August 1, 1770 within one month of the signing of the Declaration of Independence:
"Our Union is complete; our constitution composed, established, and approved. You are now the guardians of your own liberties. We may justly address you, as the decemviri did the Romans, and say:
"Nothing that we propose can pass into law without your consent. Be yourself, O Americans, the authors of those laws on which your happiness depends."
The People are Sovereign
The sovereignty of a state does not reside in the persons who fill the different departments of its government, but in the People, from whom the government emanated; and only the People may change it at their discretion. Sovereignty, then, in this country, abides with the constituency, and not with the agent; and this remark is true, both in reference to the federal and state government.
"The United States government is a foreign corporation with respect to a state." 153/n re Merriam, 36 N.E. 505, 141N.Y. 479, affirmed 16S. Ct. 1073, 163 U.S. 625, 41 L.Ed 287; 20 CJS, Section 1785.
People of a state are entitled to all the rights which formerly belonged to the king by his prerogative. - Lansing v. Smith, 21 D. 89
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