The Minutemen Hit the Wall

MARC COOPER
The Minutemen Hit the Wall
Tue Oct 10, 2006 16:54
 

The Minutemen Hit the Wall
Tucson
http://www.thenation.com/doc/20061023/cooper

MARC COOPER

As about sixty supporters of Democratic Congressional candidate and
businesswoman Gabrielle Giffords gathered in late September for a
wine and guacamole fundraiser at a local hillside home, their mood
was nothing short of electric. Earlier in the day a news report had
swept through this desert district with all the drama and punch of a
late summer monsoon: The National Republican Congressional Committee
(NRCC) had just canceled about $1 million in planned TV ads for
Giffords's GOP rival, Randy Graf. "The Republicans have firmly
planted the white flag in this district," said a jubilant Giffords
campaign official. "This is nothing short of surrender."

Indeed, the Washington Post's political blog has identified
Arizona's 8th Congressional District seat, held for eleven terms by
retiring moderate Republican Jim Kolbe, as one of those most likely
to switch parties in next month's mid-term elections. Even more
important, in a race seen as a national bellwether on the
immigration debate, Republican candidate Graf, supported with
$40,000 in contributions from a Minuteman PAC, banked his entire
campaign on a virulent seal-and-militarize-the-border message. If
the anti-immigrant pitch was going to work anywhere in America, this
would be the place. The contested district sweeps downward from
Tucson, runs along an eighty-mile portion of the Mexican border that
is the most trafficked of illegal crossings, and includes such
Minuteman hot spots as the towns of Sierra Vista and Tombstone.
About half of the illegal aliens apprehended on the US-Mexico border
attempt to cross into Arizona, and anti-immigrant sentiment can turn
red-hot.

But here in the veritable staging ground of the Minuteman movement,
Graf's campaign has hit the wall. "Randy's going to get his ass
handed to him," says a veteran Arizona Republican consultant. "And
in this national atmosphere, the NRCC isn't about to piss away a
million bucks on him." The refusal by the national Republican Party
to invest in Graf was fueled by some pretty stark numbers, and to a
great degree reflects the deep division that runs through the GOP on
the issue of immigration.
A late September poll conducted by the Arizona Daily Star showed
Giffords out in front of Graf by a whopping 48-35 margin. And while
immigration even outranked the war in Iraq by 4 to 1 as the most
important issue on local voters' minds, those who put it first also
gave a majority to Giffords, who has endorsed the sort of
comprehensive border reform proposed by Senators Ted Kennedy and
John McCain.

"Graf speaks directly to his base, but only to his base," says the
GOP consultant. "If something freakish were to happen in the next
few weeks and this guy were actually to get elected, it would be a
disaster for us. Right-wing tirades in a border area like this make
Republicans look like crackers. With more and more people coming to
live in Arizona and many of them at least slightly liberal,
Republicans can't afford to sound like racists."

Fear among the Republican establishment that Graf was too extreme to
win in a moderate district was heightened in this crucial year, when
the loss of any seat could tip the balance of the House majority.
This is a socially temperate district that sometimes gave the openly
gay Republican Kolbe more than 60 percent of the vote. In 2004 Graf--
a former pro golfer and state legislator--challenged Kolbe in the
primary and won a surprising 42 percent of the vote. The day after
the vote, Graf started gearing up for his next shot, the 2006
primary. He campaigned relentlessly and single-mindedly on the
border issue, praising the Minutemen and tightly aligning himself
with the policies of Colorado Representative Tom Tancredo, the
leader of House resistance to liberalized immigration reform.

"Randy Graf was in the right place at the right time to capitalize
on the immigration issue," says Margaret Kenski, pollster for
Republican Arizona Senator Jon Kyl. Graf, whose campaign wouldn't
schedule an interview with The Nation, cashed in on the national
immigration debate that roared through much of this year. And in a
five-way primary September 12, Graf came out on top, with a 42
percent plurality. In an unusual move, the NRCC had intervened
directly in the primary and poured more than $120,000 into the
campaign of his more moderate opponent Steve Huffman--the only race
in the country in which the NRCC took sides in a primary. Other top
local Republicans lined up with local GOP stalwart Mike Hellon in a
move to stop Graf.

But the organizational power of anti-immigration, anti-choice and
conservative mega-churches propelled Graf's victory and also helped
defeat a number of other moderate and prochoice Arizona Republican
candidates. It also laid bare the GOP's deep factional
fissures. "We're really in a state of internal warfare," says a
former Republican National Committee member still active in local
politics. "It's really the most extreme Republicans who are winning
the primaries, and they're making it harder and harder for us to win
statewide offices. We've been through this two or three times
already, but after each round it is getting harder to put the party
back together again."

Scrapping Reagan's so-called Eleventh Commandment enforcing GOP
unity, outgoing Representative Kolbe, a firm supporter of
comprehensive immigration reform, pointedly un-endorsed Graf on the
morrow of his victory, saying that because of "profound and
fundamental [differences] I would not be true to my own principles
were I to endorse [Graf] now for the general election." Neither will
any endorsement be forthcoming from the state's most popular
Republican, John McCain. Nor from a host of other elected Arizona
Republican officials who openly shun Graf.

Apart from Graf's in-the-tank numbers, he still draws loud jeers
from his 2004 appearance on The Daily Show, where he argued to
overturn an Arizona law that bans handguns in bars. On the same show
he blithely compared the Constitution to a rule book for golf. An
unsolicited link to his campaign website from the site of former Ku
Klux Klan leader David Duke hasn't helped matters.

Arizona Republicans find themselves endangered in other races beyond
the 8th district match-up between Graf and Giffords. Conservative
six-term Representative J.D. Hayworth, who represents the Phoenix
suburbs and whose book Whatever It Takes calls for a ban on legal
immigration from Mexico, is facing a serious challenge from Democrat
Harry Mitchell. Former Republican Attorney General Grant Woods has
endorsed Democrat Mitchell, calling Hayworth "ridiculous." Even more
disturbing to Arizona Republicans is the predicament of Kyl, a
recent target of Latinos protesting his immigration policies. Kyl
faces a stiff challenge from wealthy Democratic developer Jim
Pederson. "Frankly, I'm amazed how competitive Kyl's race has
suddenly become," says the veteran GOP consultant. And Republican
social conservative Len Munsil will need divine intervention to
defeat incumbent Democratic Governor Janet Napolitano, last seen
outpolling him 56 to 40.

Back in the 8th district, meanwhile, Democrat Gabi Giffords won a
contested primary by firmly seizing the political center vacated by
Graf's campaign. A former state legislator (and a former
Republican), Giffords has garnered the unified support of the local
Democratic and labor machinery but has striven to run what she calls
a bipartisan campaign. The national Democratic Party has become so
confident of her victory that one day after the NRCC canceled its ad
campaign for Graf, the DCCC followed suit on behalf of Giffords.

Already well funded and likely to be buoyed by outside "independent
expenditure" campaigns, Giffords has de-emphasized the debate over
the war in Iraq and has rather deftly co-opted Graf on the
immigration issue. "Starting back in May of last year, the Democrats
began pounding away on the border issue as if they were
Republicans," says pollster Kenski. "And Gabi does it as well as any.

"Enforcement-plus" is the way Giffords describes her immigration
position: tighter enforcement, plus an expanded visa and guest-
worker program. But listening to Giffords address her campaign
supporters at that hillside fundraiser, it sounded
like "enforcement" was 90 percent of the equation and that
the "plus" was maybe 10 percent. After denouncing a "strategic
systematic decision" by the federal government to funnel immigrants
through the Arizona desert, she went on to say it's "just not
acceptable to have so many people that we don't know who they are,
we don't know where they are going and we don't know what they
want." To stem the tide, she called for more "radar, aerial drones,
electronic surveillance, tough employer sanctions"--and, yes, "a
guest-worker program."

During the question-and-answer session, some of the gathered
supporters were disgruntled with Giffords's emphasis on enforcement
hardware but nevertheless seemed reassured by her clarifications
that immigration reform also had to include expanded legal
pathways. "I'd rather she put the emphasis on the second part," said
one of her toughest questioners. "But you have to suppose she's
saying what's she's saying because she wants to get elected. I also
support that."

The Giffords campaign coincides with a Latino voter mobilization
already under way as a result of this past spring's upsurge in pro-
immigrant demonstrations. As many as 15,000 came out to Tucson
street rallies in April to support liberalized border reform. "It's
a hot enough issue that people want to go out and take action. Being
part of this campaign is one of those actions," says Daniel Garcia,
a volunteer with the Giffords campaign and with a local affiliate of
the grassroots Industrial Areas Foundation. "With Graf and the
Minutemen blaming just about everything including global warming on
immigrants," he says, "this race has absolutely become a place where
a lot of emotion has surfaced, and we are channeling that into the
campaign." Giffords also has the solid support of the local
Democratic political network headed by Representative Raśl Grijalva,
one of the strongest voices for immigration reform.

Democrat Tom Volgy, former Tucson mayor and now a university
professor, argues that Giffords's ascension in this southern Arizona
district should be unequivocally cheered as a national example.
While close-the-border intransigence by the Republican right
succeeded in torpedoing comprehensive immigration reform, it has now
seemingly boomeranged to the GOP's disadvantage as an electoral
strategy. "Arizona is the most hard hit by immigration," Volgy
says. "But what you see here highlights something really good about
the American people. You take a very difficult issue that lends
itself to simplistic arguments, but the more you subject it to
debate, the more sophisticated and nuanced public opinion becomes.
This is the really great part of what's happening here."

===========
Battling Corruption - Illegal Immigration
http://www.judicialwatch.org/immigration.shtml

Get A Grip On Immigration
http://www.apfn.net/pogo/Grip-On-Immigration.MP3

The Second American Revolution
http://www.apfn.net/pogo/2nd-American-Revolution.MP3 

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