It's not Global Warming, it's Ocean WarmingMon Aug 15, 2005 17:27220.127.116.11
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It's not Global Warming, it's Ocean Warming
Underwater volcanoes pose tsunami threat – July 28, 2005 –
Seventy five previously unknown underwater volcanoes between New Zealand
and Tonga pose a tsunami threat, warns Australian geologist Professor Richard
Arculus. "If any one of these underwater volcanoes either explosively erupts or
collapses in a sudden movement, it would have a massive impact on the ocean,
triggering a tsunami which could devastate communities across the region."
“There is evidence from new high-resolution images of these volcanoes that
these events have happened many times in the past.”
“It is ironic that we know far more about the topography of Mars and the
Moon than about Earth, simply because much of our planet is covered in
water," says Arculus.
Warmer oceans may be killing West Coast marine life
– 13 July 2005 - Scientists suspect that rising ocean temperatures and
dwindling plankton populations are behind a growing number of seabird
deaths, reports of fewer salmon and other anomalies along the West Coast.
Coastal ocean temperatures are 2 to 5 degrees above normal, apparently
caused by a lack of upwelling.— a process that brings cold, nutrient-rich
water to the surface and jump-starts the marine food chain.
This spring, a record number of dead seabirds washed up on beaches from
central California to British Columbia … five to 10 times the highest number
of bird deaths seen before.
"Something big is going on out there," said Julia Parrish, an associate
professor in the School of Aquatic Fisheries and Sciences at the University
of Washington . "I'm left with no obvious smoking gun, but birds are a good
signal because they feed high up on the food chain."
"In 50 years, this has never happened," said Bill Peterson, an oceanographer
with NOAA in Newport, OR. "If this continues, we will have a food chain
that is basically impoverished from the very lowest levels."
NOAA's June and July surveys of juvenile salmon off the coasts of Oregon, Washington and British Columbia indicate a 20 to 30 percent drop in populations, compared with surveys from 1998-2004, especially coho and chinook.
"Nobody saw this coming," said Bill Sydeman, director of marine ecology at Point Reyes Bird Observatory.
Higher water temperatures are typically seen during an El Niño. But this is not an El Niño year.
See the full article by Carina Stanton with the Seattle Times http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2002377292_ocean13m.html
Underwater volcano erupting 700 miles SE of Tokyo - July 3, 2005 -
The coast guard sent helicopters to monitor a huge column of steam more than
half-a-mile wide rising above the Pacific Ocean southeast of Tokyo, and warned
ships to stay away. The water in the area was brick-red.
"It's highly likely that it's caused by an eruption of an underwater volcano,"
coast guard spokesman Shigeyuki Sato said.
"We suspect the undersea volcanic moves are becoming active," said another coast guard official.
Sea levels change faster than thought - 20 April 2005 - New evidence confirms that sea levels have risen and fallen much more quickly and frequently than previously believed. A new method of dating dead corals reveals a long record of repeated rises and drops in sea level of 6 to 30 meters over just thousands of years.
That's too fast to be explained by regular shifts in the Earth's orbit that are usually considered responsible for the ice ages, as well as the loss or gain of water from the oceans. (As you know if you've read my book, I think it's caused by underwater volcanism unleashed by the ice-age cycle, leading to assive evaporation.)
Dr William Thompson of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and Associate Professor Steven Goldstein of the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University published their findings in the current issue of Science.
Underwater volcano grows 1,000 feet in four years
– May 25, 2005 - On an expedition to observe the Vailulu'u Volcano, an underwater volcano discovered in 1999 near American Samoa, scientists saw another volcano growing out of the first, like the island in the middle of Crater Lake .
Scientists dubbed the new volcano, about 20 miles (32 km) east of the island of Ta'u , Nafanua after the Samoan goddess of war. Growing at a rate of about 8 inches (20 cm) a day, Nafanua measured nearly 1,000 feet (300 meters) high. It could go much higher, said geologist Hubert Staudigel from the University of California at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography
The scientists were so amazed to find eels living in the newly formed lava that they
nicknamed the population "Eel City."
(Knowing that the temperature of the basalt should be around 2150 degrees Fahrenheit, I wonder why don’t we see any comments about how much heat underwater volcanoes must be pouring into the seas?)
Underwater Volcanoes Erupting Simultaneously All Over the World - March 14, 2005 -
Hundreds of underwater volcanoes are erupting all over the world, especially around the Ring of Fire, reportsthe India Daily.
Underwater volcanoes are erupting in Australia, Greece, New Zealand and many other countries including the American Northwest, which is experiencing an unprecedented level of underwater volcanism. Andaman Nicobar Island is experiencing underwater volcanism in both the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal .
Tectonic movements have gone up by several folds in the last nine months, say geologists, so much so that they don’t have enough monitoring mechanisms to keep track.
(I don’t know how valid these sources are, but if they are correct, then I am very concerned that this could be the trigger that sends us into the ice age.
As you know if you’ve read my book, I think underwater volcanoes (not humans) are heating our seas. I also think these warmer seas will lead us into an ice age. I’m therefore very anxious to learn how much magma may be pouring into the sea right now.
If there’s a tremendous amount of magma pouring into the ocean, the magma could be as much as 2,150 degrees Fahrenheit - 10 times the boiling point – which could lead to much warmer seas and thence to an ice age.)
Such warming of the Northwest seas has happened before. There’s an old Makah Indian story that I tell in my book (page 181), and I’d like to repeat it here.
“Tales of warming seas also come from the Makah Indians, who live at Neah Bay on the northwest corner of Washington's Olympic Peninsula. They tell of a time when "the sea rose without any waves until it submerged Cape Flattery." "The water on its rise became very warm, and as it came up to the houses, those who had canoes put their effects in them, and floated off with the current."
I sincerely hope that this is not the beginning, but I fear that it could be.
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More than 4,300 undersea earthquakes in five days!
- March 7, 2005 – "It might be a volcanic eruption or a magma event on the ridge," said Garry Rogers, a seismologist with the Geological Survey of Canada in Vancouver , B.C. "These earthquake swarms are associated with sea floor spreading [underwater volcanic activity]," said Robert P. Dziak, an oceanographer at the Hatfield Marine Science Center in Newport, Oregon.
The undersea quakes, about a mile-and-a-half below the ocean surface, weren’t large enough to trigger a tsunami, so the experts advise us not to worry.
I hope they’re correct, but if there’s a tremendous amount of magma pouring into the ocean I think we have a problem. The magma could be as much as 2,150 degrees Fahrenheit - 10 times the boiling point – which could lead to much warmer seas and thence to an ice age.
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Underwater volcanic activity in the Arctic Ocean far stronger than anyone ever imagined! (This strongly confirms my belief that underwater volcanic activity is heating the seas; not human activity.)
German-American researchers have discovered more hydrothermal activity at the Gakkel Ridge in the Arctic Ocean than anyone ever imagined.
"The Gakkel ridge is a gigantic volcanic mountain chain stretching beneath the Arctic Ocean. With its deep valleys 5,500 meters beneath the sea surface and its 5,000 meter- high summits, Gakkel ridge is far mightier than the Alps."
Two research icebreakers, the "USCGC Healy" from USA and the German "PFS Polarstern," recently joined forces in the international expedition AMORE (Arctic Mid-Ocean Ridge Expedition). In attendance were scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry and other international institutions.
The scientists had expected that the Gakkel ridge would exhibit "anemic" magmatism. Instead, they found "surprisingly strong magmatic activity in the West and the East of the ridge and one of the strongest hydrothermal activities ever seen at mid-ocean ridges."
"The Gakkel ridge extends about 1800 kilometers beneath the Arctic Ocean from north of Greenland to Siberia, and is the northernmost portion of the mid-ocean ridge system."
To their surprise, the researchers found high levels of volcanic activity. Indeed, magmatism was "dramatically" higher than expected.
Hydrothermal hot springs on the seafloor were also far more abundant than predicted. "We expected this to be a hydrothermally dead ridge, and almost every time our water measurement instrument came up, they showed evidence of hydrothermal activity, and once we even 'saw' an active hot spring on the sea floor," said Dr. Jonathan Snow, the leader of the research group from the Max Planck Institute.
No wonder the ice is melting!
See http://www.mpg.de/english/illustrationsDocumentation/documentation/pressR eleases/2003/pressRelease20030718/index.html
(From the Max Planck Society, 18 July 2003, The Fiery Face of the Arctic Deep.) (Thanks to Jon C. Olsen for telling me about this.)
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Naturally occurring bubbles of liquid carbon dioxide rising from the ocean floor - June 8, 2004 – For the first time ever, scientists using a camera-equipped submarine have been able to witness an undersea volcano during an eruptive episode.
Exploring the ocean floor in an area known as the Mariana Trench, the researchers “found bubbles of liquid carbon dioxide being released into the sea, enlarging up to a thousand times and turning to gas as they drifted upward.” (I have been saying for years that rising CO2 levels are a result of naturally occurring processes in the seas. This helps confirm those statements.)
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