In the name of AllahOn 27th Rajab "Grand Eid" (Qhaba Qhausain 53:9)Wed Aug 9, 2006 04:43
In the name of Allah, the beneficent the merciful.
On 27th Rajab, all the Muslim believers celebrate this as a grand day of Meraj as "Grand Eid" and all the Muslims should be proud to have such a prophet like Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny, to whom Almighty Allah (swt) was also proud and had invited him to visit and talked with very nearer distance as mentioned in the Holy Quran (Qhaba Qhausain 53:9).
Also note that, the Meraj of the prophet has taken place more than once. However, it should be mentioned that Meraj in which the daily Salat was made incumbent, without doubt, occurred before the death of Abu Talib, who passed away in the 10th year of Bessat. Unmistakably, from the ahadith and books of history, it is mentioned that on the night of Meraj, Allah gave the order of the five daily Salat as being mandatory upon the Islamic Nation.
The darkness of the night had spread across the horizon and silence reigned over the face of nature. The time had arrived when the living creatures take rest and sleep so that they might recuperate from their activities of the previous day. The Holy Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny, was also not an exception to this law of nature and he wished to take rest after offering his prayers in the house of "Umm-e-Hani", the daughter of his uncle and sister of Amir al-Mominin Ali (pbuh) in the blessed city of Makkah. However, suddenly he heard a voice; it was the voice of the Archangel Jibreel (pbuh) who said to him:
"This night you have to perform a very unique journey and I have been ordered to remain with you. You will have to traverse different parts of the world mounted on an animal named Buraq."
The Holy Prophet of Islam, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny began his historical night journey, along with the trusted protector of the revelation, the Angel Jibreel (pbuh) from the house of "Umm-e-Hani", with the aide of his steed al-Buraq.
"After some time, Jibreel (pbuh) stopped Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny and said to perform the Salat. Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny dismounted from Buraq and performed Salat. Jibreel (pbuh) said, 'Do you know where you just prayed?' Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny replied to him in negative. Jibreel (pbuh) said, 'In Tayyibah (Madinah), that place where your travelers will go.' After this, Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny got back onto Buraq and continued the journey."
"Once again, Jibreel (pbuh) stopped Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny and said, 'Perform the Salat.' Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny once again dismounted Buraq, and performed Salat there. He (pbuh) asked Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny, 'Do you know where you just prayed?' It is the Mountain of Sinai - the place where Prophet Musa (pbuh) spoke to Allah (swt)."
"Once again, Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny ascended Buraq and continued. Shortly afterwards, Jibreel (pbuh) said, 'Get down and recite a Salat.' Then again he (pbuh) questioned, 'Do you know where you just prayed?' Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny replied in negative, to which he answered, 'In Bait al-Laham (Bethlehem) - the place which is near to Bait al-Muqaddas and this is the place where Prophet 'Isa al-Masih (pbuh) was born.'"
Then they reached Bait al-Muqaddas, which is located in today's Zionist occupied Jerusalem and is also known as Masjid al-Aqsa (the Furthest Mosque) and Holy Prophet proceeded to tie the reins of Buraq to the same ring that the great Prophets (before him) used to tie their animal to. After this Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny entered the Masjid and it was here that he met Ibrahim, Musa, Isa and the rest of the Prophets (pbut). They all gathered around him and they all proceeded to get ready for Salat. Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny had no doubt that the Salat would be lead by Jibreel (pbuh), however when the lines for the Salat were being formed, Jibreel (pbuh) placed his hand on the shoulder of Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny and pushed forward. Jibreel (pbuh) also took part in the Salat behind him along with the various Prophets (pbut).
On the second part of his journey, he proceeded from this spot to the skies (heavens). He, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny, then observed the stars and the systems of the world and conversed with the souls of the previous prophets, and also with the angels of the heavens, peace and blessing be upon them all. He saw the centre of the tortures and the blessings (hell and paradise) and became fully aware of the secrets of creation, the extent of the universe and the signs of the Omnipotent Allah (swt).
Then he, peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny, continued his journey and reached Sidrat ul Muntaha (Beyond this point nobody has access including Jibreel). There he found it fully covered with splendor, magnificence and grandeur, and then he returned back by the way he had traveled. He, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny, first came to Bait al-Muqaddas and then to Makkah. It was daybreak when he dismounted at the house of Umm-e-Hani from the Buraq which had taken him into space. He related this matter to Umm-e-Hani and the following night, he made it known to the assemblies of Quraysh as well. The word of his travels spread from mouth to mouth amongst all the groups, and now more than ever, the Quraysh were upset (with him).
One who denies (any of these) three things is not among our Shi'a (followers): the Mer'aj, the questioning in the grave and ash Shafa'ah (intercession). Imam Jafar Sadiq and Imam Ali Rida (pbut)
According to an old tradition, the Quraysh asked the account of its structure, and the Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny, not only described the physical particularities of Bait al-Muqaddas, rather, he even informed them of the event that took place between Bait al-Muqaddas and Makkah. He, said to them that he met the caravan of such and such tribe who lost their camel and he asked them to give him water and the Holy Prophet drank water from their container. So they asked about the Quraysh caravan and he replied to them that he saw them at Taim. So Quraysh became very excited and it was not long after that the travelers (of that caravan) reported the exact events (as had occurred).
Proof of Meraj in the Holy Quran:
The Heavenly Journey of the Prophet of Islam, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny has been straight forwardly explained in two Surahs of the Quran.
In the Surah al-Isra (Surah 17 - also known as Bani Isra'il), it is mentioned: Glory be to Him Who made His servant (Prophet Muhammad) to go on a night from the Sacred Mosque (Kaaba) to the Farthest Mosque of which We have blessed the precincts, so that We may show to him some of Our signs; surely He is the Hearing, the Seeing. (17:1)
From this verse, we come to the conclusion that the Prophet of Islam, peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny traveled with his physical body (servant) through the worlds of Ascension. Further, by the greatness of the Hidden Power, he was able to complete this journey in a very short span of time.
Allah starts His speech with the phrase (Subhan) which denotes the fact that Allah is free from all deficiencies - but He does not stop here. Rather, He makes the ascension the reason for His greatness by saying 'made to travel' (Isra) so that others do not imagine that the means of this journey was through causes of the natural world and with normal, ordinary means of transportation. This would have made his journey something that could have been denied. Rather, this journey was accomplished by relying upon the power of Allah and His specific and special blessings.
Although this verse states that the start of the journey was from Masjid al-Haram and ended at Masjid al-Aqsa, this does not contradict the fact that the Holy Prophet in addition to this trip, also had other trips towards the higher world, since another part of the journey of Ascension of the Holy Prophet is explained in verses of Surah an-Najm.
From the time the Prophet Muhammad told the Quraysh, 'I saw the angel of revelation (when he received the first revelation) in his original and pure state,' all the Quraysh raised up to mock him. The Quran, in response to the thoughts of the ignorant people replies: "Will you then argue with him about what he saw? He certainly saw him (Jibreel) during his other ascent to the Lote-tree (in the seven heavens) near which is Paradise. When the tree was covered with a covering, (Muhammad's) eyes did not deceive him, nor did they lead him to falsehood. He certainly saw the greatest (signs) of the existence of his Lord." (53:12-18)
The object of this grand journey was to make known to the prophet the various aspects of the existence of the great universe.
A person asked our 4th Imam (pbuh): "Is there a particular place for Allah?"
He (pbuh) replied: "no."
The man said: "Then why did he make his prophet journey through the skies?"
The Holy Imam (pbuh), replied: "He made him ascend so that he might become aware of the expanse of the universe and see and hear wonderful things, the like of which had not been seen and heard by the eyes and ears before."
Meraj and Modern Science:
It has been an on going discussion and debate for hundreds of years concerning the method of travel of the Holy Prophet during the Meraj. Many things have been said regarding this journey and its being physical or only spiritual even though from the Quran and the ahadith there is no doubt that it was a physical ascension.
However, one problem from the point of view of science prevented some people in believing the reality and thus, the Meraj of the Prophet of Islam was recorded as being simply spiritual. Another group went a step further and believed that this complete event was simply a dream and that the Prophet experienced the Meraj during his sleep!
The heavenly journey went against the scientific and natural laws of today such as: the law of gravity of the earth; its speed of travel of 25,000 miles per hour; the weightlessness of an object that is outside of the airspace of earth; the fact that it is not possible to breathe the air that is outside our atmosphere; the various cosmic rays; meteorites and air pressure; and the speed of light that goes at the speed of approximately 300,000 kilometers a second; and other such examples.
Fortunately however, it must be known that through scientific research and investigation, the space scientists of the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I. The world's first artificial satellite was about the size of a basketball, weighed only 183 pounds, and took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on its elliptical path, on October 4, 1957. They were able to demonstrate to mankind with ease, that they could overcome such problems as the gravitational pull, cosmic rays, problems with breathing in space, and others, through various technologically designed and built equipment and instruments.
Even today, the space science research is ever increasing and the scientists and researchers are confident that in a matter of time, they will be able to place life on one of the planets in our solar system; just as today, they have opened up the exploration to the moon and the planet Mars.
These scientific progresses and advancements in technology and industry are a clear proof that such a celestial travel (that of the Prophet of Islam on the night of Meraj) is possible and can not be classified as something that was impossible. For More Information Click Here
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