WantToKnow.infoTHE SECRET GOVERNMENTWed Jul 13, 2005 19:24188.8.131.52
WATCH: Bill Moyers' "The Secret Government" video segment>>
1) THE SECRET GOVERNMENT - Bill Moyers
- - WantToKnow.info ~ The Secret Government
- - Films that Make a Difference
2) SolarFest and Peace Action
This issue highlights the powerful 1987-PBS TV program called, "The Secret
Government: The Constitution In Crisis." Unfortunately, this segment had to be
removed from Frank Dorrel's film compilation: "What I've Learned About US
Foreign Policy: The War Against the Third World." However, this film is very
valuable, and timely anyway. Item 1 provides the transcript of the Moyers PBS
program, and links to additional film and other resources. The Secret
Government documents the history of US foreign policy since WW II, and the
devastation to democracy, especially since Harry S. Truman signed into Law the
1947 National Security Act. With the nuclear bomb and other weapons of mass
destruction developed, a secret government was created with no oversight, with
secret agencies that could decide to supercede citizens' rights and corrode a
Constitution based on fear justifying means. Yet building awareness and
posting information on the Secret Government keeps it from hiding in the
shadows, but never before has such an atrocious agenda play havoc on the lives
of people in the US and around our world.
Item 2 covers this weekend's SolarFest . Flyby News will be there and have
copies of Frank Dorrel's film, and a talk with David Ray Griffin exposing 9/11
Now is not the time to lose faith in what seems almost impossible.
Please join Flyby News, make a commitment to at least 2012,
support campaigns for reclaiming a lost USA democracy."
"Behind the ostensible government sits enthroned an invisible government
owing no allegiance and acknowledging no responsibility to the people.
To destroy this invisible government, to befoul the unholy alliance
between corrupt business and corrupt politics is the first task
of the statesmanship of the day."
(April 19, 1906)
1) THE SECRET GOVERNMENT - Bill Moyers
- - WantToKnow.info ~ The Secret Government
- - Films that Make a Difference
- - THE SECRET GOVERNMENT
The following is a transcript of a 1987 PBS TV program, narrated by Bill
THE SECRET GOVERNMENT The Constitution In Crisis
Bill Moyers: "The Secret Government is an interlocking network of official
functionaries, spies, mercenaries, ex-generals, profiteers and superpatriots,
who, for a variety of motives, operate outside the legitimate institutions of
government. Presidents have turned to them when they can't win the support of
the Congress or the people, creating that unsupervised power so feared by the
framers of our Constitution. Just imagine that William Casey's dream came
true. Suppose the enterprise grew into a super-secret, self-financing,
self-perpetuating organization. Suppose they decided on their own to
assassinate Gorbachev or the leader of white South Africa. Could a President
control them and what if he became the enterprise's public enemy Number One?
Who would know? Who would say no?"
"The history of our secret government."
"World War II was over. Europe lay devastated. The United States emerged as
the most powerful nation on earth. But from the rubble rose a strange new
world, a peace that was not peace and a war that was not war. We saw it
emerging when the Soviets occupied Eastern Europe. The Cold War had begun."
Winston Churchill: "An Iron Curtain has descended across the continent. Behind
that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern
Moyers: "The Russians had been our ally against the Nazis, an expedient
alliance for the sake of war. Now they were our enemy. To fight them we turned
to some of the very men who had inflicted on humanity the horrors of Hitler's
madness. We hired Nazis' as American spies. We struck a secret bargain with
Erhard Dabringhaus: "One that I know real well is Klaus Barbie. He was wanted
by the French as their number one war criminal and somehow we employed a man
like that as a very secretive informant."
Moyers: "Erhard Dabringhaus was employed in the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence
Corps and assigned to work with Nazi informants spying on the Russians. One of
them was Klaus Barbie, the ‘Butcher of Lyon', who had tortured and murdered
thousands of Jews and resistance fighters. The Americans did not turn Barbie
over to the French when they finished with him. They helped him escape to
Bolivia. Other top Nazis were smuggled into the United States to cooperate in
the war against the new enemy." "So began the morality of the Cold War.
Anything goes. The struggle required a mentality of permanent war, a perpetual
state of emergency. It had met a vast new apparatus of power that radically
transformed our government. Its foundations were laid when President Truman
signed into law the National Security Act of 1947."
Admiral Gene La Rocque: "Now that National Security Act of 1947 changed
dramatically the direction of this great nation. It established the framework
for a national security state."
Moyers: "Admiral Gene La Rocque rose through the ranks from Ensign to become a
Strategic Planner for the Pentagon and now heads the Center of Defense
Information, a public interest group."
Admiral Gene La Rocque: "The National Security Act of ‘47 gave us the National
Security Council. Never have we had a National Security Council so concerned
about the nation's security that we're always looking for threats and looking
how to orchestrate our society to oppose those threats. National Security was
invented, almost, in 1947, and now it has become the prime mover of everything
we do as measured against something we invented in 1947. The National Security
Act also gave us the Central Intelligence Agency."
Moyers: "This is the house the Cold War built the CIA. The core of the new
secret government. Its chief legitimate duty was to gather foreign
intelligence for America's new role as a world power. Soon it was taking on
covert operations, abroad and at home. As its mission expanded, the CIA
recruited adventuresome young men like Notre Dame's "All American", Ralph
Ralph McGehee: "I look back to the individual that I was when I joined the
agency. I was a dedicated Cold Warrior who felt the agency was out there
fighting for liberty, justice and democracy and religion around the world. And
I believed wholeheartedly in this. I just felt proud every day that I went to
work because I was out at the vanguard of the battle against the international
evil empire international Communist evil empire."
Moyers: "Iran, 1953: the CIA mounted its first major covert operation to
overthrow a foreign government. The target was the Prime Minister of Iran,
Mohammed Mosaddeq. He held power legitimately, through his country's
parliamentary process and he was popular. Washington had once looked to him as
the man to prevent a Communist takeover. But that was before Mosaddeq decided
that the Iranian state, not British companies, ought to own and control the
oil within Iran's own borders. When he nationalized the British run oil
fields, Washington saw red." "The Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles and
his brother Alan, Director of the CIA, decided with Eisenhower's approval, to
overthrow Mosaddeq and reinstate the Shah of Iran. The mobs paid by the CIA,
and the police and soldiers bribed by the CIA, drove Mosaddeq from office."
Newscaster: "Crown Prince Abdullah greets the Shah as he lands at Baghdad
airport after a 7-hour flight from Rome."
Moyers: The King of Kings was back in control and more pliable than Mosaddeq.
American oil companies took over almost half of Iran's production. U.S. arms
merchants moved in with $18 billion of weapons sales over the next 20 years.
But there were losers."
Kenneth Love (former New York Times reporter): "Nearly everybody in Iran of
any importance has had a brother, or a mother, or a sister, or a son, or a
father, tortured, jailed, deprived of property without due process. I mean an
absolutely buccaneering dictatorship in our name that we supported. SAVAK was
created by the CIA!"
Bill Moyers: "SAVAK, the Shah's Secret Police, tortured and murdered thousands
of his opponents. General Richard Secord and Albert Hakim, whom we met
earlier, were among those who helped supply the Shah's insatiable appetite for
the technology of control. But the weapons and flattery heaped by America on
the Shah blinded us to the growing opposition of his own people. They rose up
in 1979 against him. "Death to the Shah!" they shouted. "Death to the American
Kenneth Love: "Khomeni, is a direct consequence and the hostage crisis is a
direct consequence, and the resurgence of the Shi'a is a direct consequence of
the CIA's overthrow of Mosaddeq in 1953."
Moyers: "Guatemala 1954. Flushed with success America's Secret Government
decided another troublesome leader must go. This time it was Jacobo Arbenz,
the democratically elected president of Guatemala. Philip Rettinger was
recruited from the Marines to join the CIA team."
Colonel Philip Roettinger (Ret.) U.S. Marine Corps: "It was explained to me
that it was very important for the security of the United States that we were
going to prevent a Soviet beach-head in this hemisphere, which we have heard
about very recently of course, and that the Guatemalan government was
Communist and we had to do something about it."
Moyers: "President Arbenz had admired Franklin D. Roosevelt and his government
voted often with the American position at the United Nations. But in trying to
bring a new deal to Guatemala, Arbenz committed two sins in the eyes of the
Eisenhower administration. First, when he opened the system to all political
parties he recognized the Communists too."
Roettinger: "Well, of course there was not even a hint of Communism in his
government. He had no Communists in his Cabinet. He did permit the existence
of a very small Communist party."
Moyers: "Arbenz also embarked on a massive land reform program. Less than 3
per cent of the land owners held more than 70 per cent of the land. So Arbenz
nationalized more than 1 ½ million acres, including land owned by his own
family and turned it over to peasants. Much of that land belonged to the
United Fruit Company, the giant American firm that was intent on keeping
Guatemala, quite literally, a Banana Republic. United Fruit appealed to its
close friends in Washington, including the Dulles brothers, who said that
Arbenz was openly playing the Communist game. He had to go."
Roettinger: "This was sudden death for him. There was no chance of him winning
this fight because of the fact that he had done this to the United Fruit
Company. Plus the fact, that he was overthrowing the hegemony of the United
States over this area. And this was dangerous, it not be tolerated. We
couldn't tolerate that."
Moyers: "From Honduras, the same country that today is the Contra staging
base, the CIA launched a small band of mercenaries against Guatemala. They
were easily turned back. So with its own planes and pilots the CIA then bombed
the capital. Arbenz fled and was immediately replaced by an American puppet,
Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas."
Roettinger: "He overturned all of the reformist activities of President
Arbenz. He gave the land back to the United Fruit Company that had been
confiscated. He took land from the peasants and gave it back to the land
Bill Moyers: "The CIA had called its covert action against Guatemala,
Operation Success. Military dictators ruled the country for the next 30 years.
The United States provided them with weapons and trained their officers. The
Communists we saved them from would have been hard pressed to do it better.
Peasants were slaughtered. Political opponents were tortured. Suspected
insurgents were shot, stabbed, burned alive or strangled. There were so many
deaths at one point that coroners complained they couldn't keep up with the
work load. Operation Success."
Rettinger: "What we did has caused a succession of repressive military
dictatorships in that country and has been responsible for the deaths over
100,000 of their citizens."
Moyers: "Success breeds success, sometimes with dreary repetition. Mario
Sandoval Alarcon began his career in the CIA's adventure in Guatemala. Today
he's known as the Godfather of the Death Squads. In 1981, after lobbying
Ronald Reagan's advisors for military aid to Guatemala, Sandoval Alarcon
danced at the Inaugural Ball."
Moyers: "Richard Bissell, another veteran of the Guatemalan coup, went on to
become the CIA's Chief of Covert Operations. I looked him up several years ago
for a CBS documentary. Cuba, 1961, seven years after Operation Success in
Guatemala, Bissell was planning another CIA covert operation."
Newscaster: "The assault has begun on the dictatorship of Fidel Castro."
Moyers: "On April 17, 1961, Cuban exiles trained by the CIA at a base in
friendly Guatemala landed on the southern coast of Cuba, at the Bay of Pigs.
The U.S. had promised air support, but President Kennedy cancelled it. The
invaders left defenseless, surrendered. Seven months after the disastrous
invasion, Kennedy delivered a major foreign policy address."
President John F. Kennedy: "We cannot, as a free nation, compete with our
adversaries in tactics of terror, assassination, false promises, counterfeit
mobs and crisis."
Moyers: "The President was not telling the truth. Even as he spoke, his
administration was planning a new covert war on Cuba. It would include some of
the dirty tricks the President said we were above. The Secret Government was
prepared for anything."
Moyers interview with Richard Bissel: "At one time, the CIA organized a small
department known as Executive Action, which was a permanent assassination
Bissel: "Well, it wasn't just an assassination capability it was a capability
to discredit or get rid of people, but it could have included assassination."
Moyers: "And it did. There were at least eight documented attempts to kill
Castro. He says there were two dozen. And there was even one effort to put LSD
in his cigars. To help us get rid of the Cuban leader, our Secret Government
turned to the Mafia just as we once made use of Nazis. The gangsters included
the Las Vegas Mafioso John Roselli, the Don of Chicago, Sam Giancana, and the
Boss of Tampa, Santo Traficante."
Moyers: "If I read you correctly you are saying it is the involvement in the
Mafia that disturbed you and not the need or decision to assassinate a foreign
Moyers: "It is a chilling thought made more chilling by the assassination of
John Kennedy. The accusations linger. In some minds, the suspicions persist of
a dark unsolved conspiracy behind his murder. You can dismiss them, as many of
us do. But knowing now what our Secret Government planned for Castro, the
possibility remains. Once we decide that anything goes, anything can come home
to haunt us."
"Vietnam, 1968: American soldiers are fighting and dying in the jungles of
Southeast Asia. But the Vietnam War didn't start this way. It started secretly
off the books like so many of these ventures that have ended disastrously. The
CIA got there early, soon after the Vietnamese won their independence from the
French in 1954. Eisenhower warned that the nations of Southeast
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