The many Names of Monosodium Glutamate
The Many Names of Monosodium Glutamate
Thu Apr 14, 2005 03:09

The Many Names of Monosodium Glutamate

Many of us are suffering needlessly because of so-called safe
food additives, namely excitatory neuro-transmitters (nicknamed
excitotoxins). The main ones are monosodium glutamate (MSG),
aspartame, and L-cysteine. You may think that you are actually
avoiding MSG if you avoid Chinese restaurants, but this factory-
created flavor enhancer is in almost every bottled, bagged, frozen,
or canned processed food on supermarket shelves. But since MSG
is often a component of a formulation, it is not labeled as such.
(Editor's Note: Many people would be shocked to know that almost
all restaurants use large amounts of MSG in their food
preparation. Italian food is sometimes much worse than Chinese food.)

You've seen words like autolyzed yeast, hydrolyzed protein,
and whey protein. Each of these substances contain a percentage
of glutamate, the harmful component of MSG.

Are you suffering any of these symptoms? Perhaps you need
to take a better look at the food you are eating.

1. Severe headache
2. Nausea, diarrhea, vomiting
3. Irregular heartbeat or blood pressure, racing heart
4. Depression or mood change, bipolar, SAD
5. Abdominal pain, cramps, bloating, colitis, IBS
6. Balance problems, dizziness, or seizures, mini-strokes
7. Tenderness in localized areas, neck, back, etc.
8. Sleep disorders
9. Blurred vision or difficulty breathing
10. Chronic fatigue or sleepiness
11. Excessive perspiring or shuddering and chills
12. Shortness of breath, chest pains, asthma
13. Swelling, pain, or numbness of hands, feet, jaw
14. Pain in joints or bones
15. Flushing or tingling in face, chest, pressure behind eyes
16. Gagging reflex or difficulty swallowing
17. Hyperactivity, behavioral problems
18. Chronic post nasal drip
19. Skin rash, itching, hives
20. Bloated face, dark circles under strained eyes
21. Extreme thirst or dry mouth
22. Difficulty concentrating and poor memory
23. Slowed speech
24. Chronic bronchitis-like symptoms, allergy reactions,
dry cough, hoarseness or sore throat
25. Heavy, weak feeling in arms and legs
2 6. Irritable bowel or colitis
27. Attention deficit disorder, anxiety attacks, rage, panic attacks
28. Neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's, fibromyalgia, MS,
29. Pressure behind eyes or on head, neck, shoulder
30. ADD, ADHD, Rage Disorder
31. Asthma
32. Weight problems, obesity, hypoglycemia

Foods with these words on the label always
contain MSG:

MSG, monosodium glutamate, monopotassium glutamate,
glutamate, glutamic acid, gelatin, calcium caseinate, hydrolyzed
vegetable protein, textured protein, autolyzed plant protein,
hydrolyzed plant protein, yeast extract, glutamate, yeast food
or nutrient, sodium caseinate, autolyzed yeast

Foods made with the following products
often contain MSG:

malted barley (flavor), barley malt, malt extract of flavoring,
maltodextrin, caramel flavoring (coloring), stock, broth, bouillon,
carrageenan, whey protein or whey, whey protein isolate or
concentrate, pectin, protease, protease enzymes, flavors, flavoring,
natural chicken, beef or pork flavoring, seasonings (Most assume
this means salt, pepper or spices and herbs which sometimes it is.),
soy sauces or extract, soy protein, soy protein isolate or concentrate, cornstarch, flowing agents, white rice or oat protein, protein fortified anything, enzyme modified anything, ultra-pasteurized anything, fermented anything,

And yet more that may contain msg . . . modified food
starch, rice syrup or brown rice syrup, lipolyzed butter fat, low or
no-fat items, corn syrup and corn syrup solids (some companies
use another process to make their product, saying it is MSG-free),
citric acid (when processed with corn), milk powder, dry milk solids,
protein fortified milk, annatto, spice, gums, dough conditioners, yeast nutrients 


Apr 14, 2005
The invisible hand preventing an energy crisis
By Chietigj Bajpaee

As oil prices race toward US$60 per barrel it may seem paradoxical to say
that we are not heading for an energy crisis. Undoubtedly for the short to
medium term oil consumption will increase, which will continue to put
pressure on oil prices and global growth. However, energy shortages as seen
by the queues at gasoline stations in the 1970s are unlikely. To understand
this one needs to look at the fundamentals of demand and supply and the
drivers of rising oil prices.

The drivers of rising oil prices
The drivers of rising oil prices can be grouped into short-, medium- and
long-term factors. The short-term factors are generally
political-security-related supply-side shocks, such as labor strikes in
Venezuela and Nigeria, terrorist attacks in Saudi Arabia and Iraq (the
so-called terror premium), and the fall of Yukos in Russia.

In Nigeria, Africa's biggest crude-oil producer and the fifth-largest
supplier to the United States, sporadic attacks on oil infrastructure by the
Niger Delta People's Volunteer Force, ethnic fighting and oil strikes have
put pressure on oil prices. Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez' Bolivarian
Revolution, coupled with oil strikes, a coup and counter-coup against his
regime, fueled instabilities in Venezuela, the world's fifth-largest oil
exporter, which provides the US with 15% of its oil-consumption needs.

The slow progress in Iraq toward reaching, let alone exceeding, its prewar
oil production because of continued attacks on energy infrastructure,
coupled with sporadic attacks on foreign oil workers in Saudi Arabia, the
world's leading oil exporter, have contributed to the terror premium on oil
prices. Russia, the world's No 2 oil and leading gas exporter, has
contributed to oil-price volatility with the arrest of Mikhail Khordorkovsky
on fraud and tax-evasion charges and the liquidation and re-nationalization
of his company Yukos, which had once produced 20% of Russia's oil output.

The fact that the US failed to tap into its 700-million-barrel-capacity
Strategic Petroleum Reserve once oil prices passed the $35-per-barrel mark
after the political instabilities in Venezuela in 2002-03 also sparked
rising oil prices.

Added to these political-security supply-side shocks are a number of
cyclical weather-related shocks, such as rising heating-fuel demand during
the winter, rising gasoline demand during the summer when Americans hit the
road, and disruptions caused by adverse weather conditions, such as the
effects of Hurricane Ivan on refineries in the Gulf of Mexico in late 2004.

Oil prices have also been under momentary pressure from a series of
accidents, including disruptions on North Sea platforms, an explosion at a
BP refinery in Texas in March, and an accident at a nuclear facility in
Japan's Fukui prefecture last August, which temporarily increased Japan's
reliance on oil. Day-to-day speculative price jumps are fueled by these
factors, most of which are unpredictable but short-term in nature.

The medium-term factors are bottlenecks in the supply chain, such as
dilapidated energy infrastructure in Iraq, and a lack of pipeline and
refinery capacity in Russia. Oil prices are also under pressure from an
overstretched tanker fleet with a lack of VLCCs (very large crude carriers),
double-hulled carriers that meet environmental and safety regulations, and
vessels that meet tightening security regulations, such as the International
Ship and Port Facility Security Code that took effect from July 1, 2004.

These factors have placed pressure on tanker charter rates and
maritime-insurance premiums. However, rising oil prices have given oil
companies both the funds and the sense of urgency to address these
supply-chain factors with investments and upgrades in pipeline, refinery,
shipping and port infrastructure. For example, oil giants such as
ExxonMobil, Saudi Aramco and Total have pledged more than $11 billion for
refinery upgrades and expansions.

A lack of spare crude capacity, half of which is located in Saudi Arabia, is
also a concern for oil prices. The issue of whether we are approaching, have
reached or have passed the "Hubbert's peak" when total cumulative oil usage
exceeds the remaining global supply of oil is one of much debate and
controversy. While reserves have been rising, production has been declining
in recent years. Rising production of heavy sour crude, which is harder to
refine relative to light sweet crude, is also putting pressure on oil
prices. However, rising oil prices have increased the incentive for oil
companies to step up exploration activities in new regions such as Central
Asia, Africa and the East and South China seas, as well as invest in
technologies that increase the return on already-established sources such as
Canada's tar sands.

However, the most important contributor to a long-term increase in oil
prices is increasing demand from Asia, most notably China and India, as a
result of their burgeoning growth rates. China, which has been a net oil
importer since 1993, is the world's No 2 oil consumer after the US and has
accounted for 40% of the world's crude-oil-demand growth since 2000. India,
as the world's No 6 energy consumer, imports two-thirds of its crude-oil
consumption, while China imports a third of its oil-consumption needs.

The Asian influence on oil prices is not limited to price hikes - for
example, the drop in oil prices to $10 per barrel in 1998 was partially a
result of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) raising
production just before the Asian financial crisis, which created excess
capacity on the market.

The invisible hand
However, in addressing mounting oil demand we have the invisible hand of the
market to step in and adjust consumer preferences as prices rise and supply
falls. For example, after the oil shocks of the 1970s, industrialized
countries reduced their reliance on oil relative to other energy sources,
such as natural gas, nuclear power and renewables, and improved on energy
conservation and efficiency through the use of new technologies and
practices such as better insulation in the homes (micro-conservation) and
shifting away from heavy industries that rely on high levels of energy
consumption (macro-conservation).

Japan, for instance, continues to rely on imports for almost all of its oil
consumption, although oil as a percentage of total energy consumption has
dropped from more than 75% before the oil shocks of the 1970s to less than
50% after. Japan's desire to cut its dependence on imported oil coupled with
its obligations to cut greenhouse-gas emissions as part of the Kyoto
Protocol have made it a leader in energy conservation and efficiency. For
example, Japan uses 130 grams of crude oil for every $1 of nominal gross
domestic product, against 230 grams in the US and 800 grams for China.

Obviously countries do backtrack - the US remains obsessed with a culture of
gas-guzzling vehicles. Several Asian countries are also sheltered from
rising oil prices by fuel subsidies, which have been implemented to limit
inflationary pressures and contain political backlashes. For example, under
the guidance of the International Monetary Fund, then Indonesian president
Suharto cut fuel subsidies in 1998, sparking protests that eventually led to
his downfall. However, these are temporary barriers to adjustment. The
recent reduction of fuel subsidies in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia and
the growing popularity of environmentally friendly hybrid and compact cars
in the US are evidence that perceptions and trends do change as a result of
rising prices and falling supply. It should also be noted that the present
oil-price hikes are not as significant as the oil shocks of 1973-74 and
1979-80, when prices are viewed in real terms (taking account of inflation)
and given that rising oil prices have been accompanied by a falling US
dollar, in which oil prices are denominated.

China and India: Adapting in their own way
While developing countries such as China and India are experiencing
unprecedented levels of growth, they lack energy-efficient technologies and
still rely on energy-heavy industries for their development. They are also
adjusting to rising oil prices in their own way. In terms of energy
conservation, China has delayed several construction projects and cut loans
and investments into energy-hungry industries, such as steel and cement
manufacturing. Major industrial centers are rationing power and even
Shanghai's famous Bund is conserving power, with the lights of several
famous attractions being shut off in the evenings. In November, the Chinese
State Development and Reform Commission introduced a strategic energy
program in a report titled "Outline of Medium-Long-Term Energy Development
Planning" in which it aims to increase energy efficiency by 40% by 2020.

China and India are also actively pursing alternative energy resources, such
as natural gas and nuclear and hydroelectric power. A number of
hydroelectric-power construction projects are on the table, such as China's
mammoth Three Gorges Dam project due to be completed in 2009. China also
plans to increase its nuclear power-generating capacity fivefold within the
next 15 years with an additional 27 nuclear power plants, while India
intends to build an additional 31 reactors by 2020. China also plans to
utilize further its vast coal deposits that account for 12% of the world's
reserves. Meanwhile, India emerged as one of the world's fastest-growing
users of wind power in 2004, being the fifth-largest producer globally and
the leading producer in Asia.

To limit the environmental effects of its increasing energy needs, China is
also encouraging investment into environmentally friendly energy
technologies such as coal gasification (coal-bed methane, or CBM,
gas-to-liquid, coal-to-liquid technologies), fuel-cell technologies and
slurry pipeline transportation projects. While China only possesses 1% of
the world's natural-gas supplies, it is believed to possess the
third-largest reserves of CBM at 31 trillion cubic meters. The Chinese
government is also drafting the first "Renewable Energy Development Use
Promotion Law", which proposes that 10% of China's energy come from clean

In the security sphere, both states are also stepping up efforts to improve
energy security by securing sea lanes and transport routes that are vital
for oil shipments, diversifying beyond the volatile Middle East to find
energy resources in other regions such as Africa, the Caspian, Russia and
the East and South China seas and stepping up exploration activities within
their own borders. China and India have also joined the US and Japan in
developing Strategic Petroleum Reserves, with India pushing for the creation
of 15-45 days of emergency reserves in Rajkot, Mangalore and Vishakapatnam,
while China is creating 75 days of emergency reserves in four locations in
Zhejiang, Shandong and Liaoning provinces.

Two steps forward, one step back
Obviously, China and India still require further adjustment. Growing car
ownership in China and the growing popularity of gas-guzzling sport-utility
vehicles and multi-purpose vehicles in both China and India are placing
strains on both of their energy needs. Sporadic power shortages and
blackouts have also continued as a result of inefficiencies by the state-run
power sector and power being stolen, or in the case of India siphoned for
votes. China and India have also attempted to limit the inflationary impact
of rising oil prices, with India cutting customs and excise duties on
imported fuel products and offering fuel subsidies, while China regulates
refined-oil prices, neither of which is fiscally sustainable over the long
term and both of which delay the inevitable adjustments in
energy-consumption patterns.

Pressure is also being placed on alternative energy resources as both states

Main Page - Thursday, 04/14/05

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