Lynndie England From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Thu Oct 27, 2005 19:33
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US soldier Lynndie England guilty of Iraq abuse
Reuters AlertNet, UK - Sep 26, 2005
FORT HOOD, Texas, Sept 26 (Reuters) - A military jury found US soldier Lynndie England guilty on Monday of abusing prisoners at Iraq's Abu Ghraib prison in ....


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Continue reading "Lynndie England to plead guilty"

Saturday, 30 April 2005 at 08:22 in Prisoner treatment |
Sunday, 20 February 2005
Charges against Lynndie England to be reduced

Fox News is reporting the charges against Lynndie England have been temporarily suspended as she moves from Ft. Bragg to Ft. Hood (thought she did that a while back) and, when reinstated, will be trimmed to 9 charges (which could bring a maximum sentence of 16.5 years -- better than 38 had all the charges been retained).

ABC News reports the charges have been reduced, and doesn't mention a suspension.

England is now accused of two counts of conspiracy, one count of dereliction of duty, four counts of cruelty and maltreatment and two counts of indecent acts.

She should be well along with her pregnancy by now, if she's not already given birth.

POSTE AT:Sunday, 20 February 2005 at 08:51



Lynndie England From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.



Biography
Spc. England with Spc. Charles Graner

Born in Ashland, Kentucky, United States[2], England moved with her family to Fort Ashby, West Virginia, when she was two years old. She grew up in a trailer park as the daughter of a railroad worker, Kenneth England, who worked at the station in nearby Cumberland, Maryland, and Terrie Bowling England. At school, Lynndie England, just 5 ft 3 in (157 cm) tall, was known for wearing combat boots and camouflage fatigues. She graduated from Frankfort High School in 2002.

England joined the Army Reserve in Cumberland in 2001 while she was a junior at Frankfort High School in Ridgeley, to escape from a night job in a chicken-processing factory and to earn money so she could go to college to become a storm chaser. She was also a member of the Future Farmers of America. After graduating from high school in 2001, she worked as a cashier in an IGA and married a co-worker, James L. Fike, in 2002, but they later divorced. She was sent to Iraq in 2003.

England was engaged to fellow reservist Charles Graner. She gave birth to a son, Carter Allan England, at 21:25 on October 11, 2004, at Womack Army Medical Center on Fort Bragg. News accounts of the birth referred to Graner as England's "ex-boyfriend".
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Charges

England has been charged with abusing Iraqi prisoners of war at the Abu Ghraib prison near Baghdad. She appears in several photographs taken in 2003 at the prison, smiling and pointing at the genitalia of naked and hooded young male prisoners. In some of these photographs she appears alongside Charles Graner, giving the thumbs up in a sexually humiliating shot.

England was initially charged under the Uniform Code of Military Justice with 19 separate violations. Ten of these were in February 2004. She pleaded guilty to seven of these on April 30, 2005:

* Two counts of conspiracy (with Specialist Charles Graner) to commit maltreatment of an Iraqi detainee by posing in a photograph holding a leash around the neck of the detainee;
* Four counts of maltreating Iraqi detainees; and
* One count of dereliction of duty.

The other charges were dropped. These charges included:

* One count of an indecent act by forcing Iraqi detainees to simulate masturbation;
* One count of failing to obey a lawful order;
* Several counts of committing acts "that were prejudicial to good order and discipline and were of nature to bring discredit upon the armed forces through her mistreatment of Iraqi detainees".

If the judge had accepted her plea bargain, England would have faced a maximum sentence of up to eleven years in prison and a dishonorable discharge.
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Court-martial

Even before England was formally charged, she was transferred to the U.S. military installation at Fort Bragg in Fayetteville, North Carolina on May 5, 2004, because of her pregnancy. Fort Bragg spokespeople say that England, who is not currently confined, is assigned to light duties with the Headquarters and Headquarters Company in the 16th Military Police Brigade at Fort Bragg, although she is attached to the 18th Airborne Corps' Dragon Brigade.
Spc. England pointing to naked prisoners

England's court-martial was scheduled to begin at 08:00 hrs on June 22 in Fort Bragg's Staff Judge Advocate building, the only Abu Ghraib case that the Army plans to hold in the United States, but the proceedings were delayed on June 21 on the agreement of both sides. Fort Bragg spokesperson Jackie Thomas informed the media that July 12 is the new date for the trial, which will begin with an Article 32 [3] hearing, taking place before Col. Denise Arn, the presiding officer. Like a grand jury, the court will hear testimony and arguments from both the military prosecutors and England's defense, and will then decide whether to recommend a full court-martial. The hearing will be open to the media.

England fired her first lawyer, Giorgio Ra'Shadd, after he was accused of improper handling of finances in an unrelated case. England is currently represented by Rose Mary Zapor and Roy Hardy, Colorado-based civilian lawyers, who say that during the trial they may call up to 100 witnesses, including the Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and Vice President Dick Cheney.

England was charged with two counts of conspiracy to maltreat detainees, one count of dereliction of duty, four counts of cruelty and maltreatment and two counts of committing indecent acts at the Abu Ghraib prison in 2003.

She originally faced 19 criminal counts that could have brought up to 38 years behind bars, but military prosecutors reduced the charges in February, 2005. No explanation was given for the reduction.

At her trial in May 2005, military judge Colonel James Pohl declared a mistrial on the grounds that he could not accept her plea of guilty under a plea-bargain to a charge of conspiring with Spc. Charles Graner Jr. to maltreat detainees after Graner testified that he believed that, in placing a tether around the naked detainee's neck and asking England to pose for a photograph with him, he was documenting a legitimate use of force.

At her retrial, England was convicted on September 26, 2005 of one count of conspiracy, four counts of maltreating detainees and one count of committing an indecent act. She was acquitted on a second conspiracy count. Along with a dishonorable discharge, England received a three-year prison sentence on September 27. The prosecution had asked the jury to imprison England for four to six years. Her defense lawyers asked for no time.

Graner, the alleged ringleader of the abuse, was convicted on all charges earlier this year and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Graner and England were once lovers, and authorities believe he is the father of England's newborn child.

Four guards and two low-level military intelligence officers have made plea deals in the case. Their sentences ranged from no time to 8 1/2 years. No officers have gone to trial, though several received administrative punishment.
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Her Family and Friends Speak Out
Spc. England and Spc. Graner posing behind a pyramid of naked Iraqi prisoners, giving the "thumbs up" sign

Colleen Kesner, a resident from England's hometown, said: "A lot of people here think they ought to just blow up the whole of Iraq. To the country boys here, if you're a different nationality, a different race, you're sub-human. That's the way that girls like Lynndie are raised... Tormenting Iraqis, in her mind, would be no different from shooting a turkey. Every season here you're hunting something. Over there, they're hunting Iraqis."

Defending England, her mother Terrie England said: "They were just doing stupid kid things, pranks. And what the Iraqis do to our men and women are [is] just? The rules of the Geneva Convention, do they apply to everybody or just us?" The wording of the Geneva Convention, as appealed to by Mrs. England, states clearly, "Prisoners of war must at all times be humanely treated (Article 12). Likewise, prisoners of war must at all times be protected, particularly against acts of violence or intimidation and against insults and public curiosity." It also states in Article 3, that "Outrages upon personal dignity, in particular, humiliating and degrading treatment" is expressly prohibited.

She added that, according to her daughter, "nothing happened which wasn't ordered by higher up. They are trying to pin all of this on the lower ranks. My daughter was just following orders. I think there's a conspiracy."
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Gaza City grave desecration

On May 10, 2004, Swastika-covered posters of (among others) Lynndie England were attached to British and Indian graves at the Commonwealth military cemetery in Gaza City. Thirty-two graves of soldiers killed in World War I were desecrated or destroyed.
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England defends actions

In a May 11, 2004 interview with Denver CBS affiliate television station KCNC-TV, England reportedly said that she was "instructed by persons in higher ranks" to commit the acts of abuse for psyop reasons, and that she should keep doing it, because it worked as intended. England noted that she felt "weird" when a commanding officer asked her to do such things as "stand there, give the thumbs up, and smile". However, England felt that she was doing "nothing out of the ordinary". (See the interview at [4].) On April 30, 2005, England recanted and admitted her criminal culpability.
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Additional unreleased photographs

Members of the United States Senate have reportedly reviewed additional photographs supplied by the Department of Defense which have not been publicly released. There is considerable speculation as to the contents of these photos but until they are released to the public, the speculation cannot be confirmed.
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Controversy over photographs

There have been accusations [5] that the Google search engine censored images of Lynndie England from its image search. Google has responded [6] that this is actually caused by delayed indexing and not deliberate censorship.

The Rolling Stones have written a song about her called "Dangerous Beauty" on their album A Bigger Bang which was released on September 6th, 2005.
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See also

* Irma Grese Female Prison guard at Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen, convicted of similar crimes

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External links

* Lynndie England's Shame
* Google News: Lynndie England
* Symbol Of Shame? – a CBS News article, May 7, 2004
* A new monster-in-chief – The Observer article by Mary Riddell, May 9, 2004
* The Lynndie England Legal Defense Fund
* "Doing a Lynndie"

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynndie_England"

Categories: 1982 births | Women in war | American criminals | People from Kentucky | People from West Virginia | Mineral County, West Virginia | Greenup County, Kentucky | U.S. military personnel at the Abu Ghraib prison
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynndie_England#Biography


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